Areas of expertise
The institute plays a central role in improving vineyard plant material. Its main tasks are:
- Leading and coordinating work involving the sanitary and genetic selection for wine grapes, table grape varieties and rootstock varieties
- Conserving selected material and maintaining natural genetic diversity
- Producing plant material and distributing it to the industry, according to above-ground processes which provide the best health guarantees
Applied research focuses on disease and injury relating to plant material, the evaluation of the cultural and technical value of clones before their approval and varietal identification through molecular analyses.
The Espiguette domain, head office of IFV, is located on the pure sand soils of the Mediterranean coastline which contain neither phylloxera nor the nematode vectors of fanleaf, justifying the choice of this site to host the national vine clone conservatory.
- Conservation and biodiversity management : Laurent AUDEGUIN,
- Clonal selection and dissemination of plant material : Pascal BLOY.
Since 1995, clonal material has been distributed under the international brand ENTAV-INRA® in some 50 countries. This brand is based on agreements between the institute, INRA, regional breeding organisations and French pre-multiplication establishments. The subsidiary ENTAV International is responsible for establishing and managing licensing agreements.
Vines and terroir
Research projects in this area are designed to develop, evaluate and disseminate production systems offering sound environmental and economic performance (dual performance). They are part of a reinforced rationale focusing on adaptation: producing grapes for obtaining quality products tailored to consumer demand, grown in integrated systems that respect humans, the environment and terroirs. Controlling production costs is systematically taken into account given the economic and competitive environment, which remains particularly difficult for the viticulture sector.
- Adaptation to climate change : Joël ROCHARD,
- Control of grapevine dieback : Philippe LARIGNON,
- Reducing pesticide inputs by 50% in 10 years : Marc RAYNAL,
- Developing organic viticulture methods : Gilles SENTENAC,
- Terroir management and vineyard management strategies : Thierry DUFOURCQ.
Wine and markets
Research and experimentation projects integrate two fundamental issues for the wine-growing sector: on the one hand, very important market developments and, on the other, the development of sustainable viticulture. The wine market is undergoing a radical transformation, from supply-side marketing to a focus on meeting demand. The consumer is at the centre of these preoccupations, whether it be very different consumption patterns, highly varied tastes or important concerns about health, diet and lifestyle.
- Characterisation methods for grapes and wines : Rémi GUÉRIN SCHNEIDER,
- Innovative oenological equipment and processes : Jean-Michel DESSEIGNE,
- Evaluating market-adapted vinification itineraries : Emmanuel VINSONNEAU,
- Control of inputs in oenology : Frédéric CHARRIER,
- Guaranteeing consumer safety : Aurélie CAMPONOVO.